Internal Cash Control Guidelines for Small Businesses

Monday, 3 Jan 2022

Internal controls are the policies developed by the senior management to ensure minimal errors and business operations run smoothly. They detail the steps that need to be taken in case of an error or irregularity to safeguard the assets and the capital.

Bookkeeper Melbourne are especially concerned about small businesses’ internal cash control guidelines as they protect from fraud, embezzlement, cash deficits, and financial losses.

These control guidelines ensure that there is the least financial risk, and the employees are following the guidelines perfectly. The bookkeeper keeps a check on the effectiveness of the policies and their implementation It helps improve growth prospects and maintain the efficiency of financial reports and achieve business goals.

So, here is a list of the standard internal cash control guidelines that small businesses can utilise in Melbourne.

1. Controls for Accuracy

The financial reports must be generated by the bookkeeper every month using the approved accounting system. The data in these reports must be error-free and correct as the management uses the information to make several significant decisions.

It means that the bookkeeper needs to ensure that all the transactions are recorded without fail and put under the correct accounts. It must take into consideration all the debts, assets, and tax obligations in Melbourne. Any red flags in the reports should be instantly informed to the management to initiate corrective measures.

2. Effective Monitoring  

Employees in senior management and trustworthy professionals with a long-standing track record with the company must be delegated the responsibility of authorising payments.

A dedicated person should oversee the validation of cheques and approve them. Also, the bookkeeper must compare the projected financial estimates and the actual figures to understand the performance of the company in Melbourne.

They must also cover the reconciliation of accounts every month to make sure that there is no discrepancy in the data. Keen observation of the transactions and regular audits can keep the risk of errors and frauds at bay.

3. Stock Management

Keeping control over the inventory is essential for reliable stocktaking so that the management is aware of the number of items damaged or lost. It requires examining the stock regularly to discard defective items and order new supplies when required.

Business owners in Melbourne must assign the duty to an individual who can receive the orders and sign the delivery papers and oversee the outgoing product deliveries.

The total number of items received or delivered must be cross-checked effectively. Besides the routine checks, there must be spot checks to find any anomalies. Moreover, the outgoing cheques should be signed by the business owner and no one else should be given the authority. 

4. Tracking Transactions

The bookkeepers must follow all the transactions taking place every day so that nothing is missed, including the paper bills and cash transactions. They must assess the business credit and debit card statements to maintain a flawless and complete record of the business expenses.

If it is a retail business in Melbourne, point-of-sale software should be used to track the large number of transactions taking place each day. It helps lower the chances of theft, errors in calculations and cheating.        

5. Cash Flow Management

The bookkeeper must prepare a cash flow statement and have the projections ready for the management to understand the flow of incomings and outgoings. It should have plans for securing finance in case of a dry spell and utilising the excess cash to grow the business.

Besides these, the bookkeepers must keep reviewing the debts and use the financial ratios to understand the profitability of the business in Melbourne. It can help them implement cost-cutting measures and get rid of unnecessary expenses affecting the cash flow.   

6. Staff Reviews

No one can be trusted based on face value. The business owner in Melbourne must carry out extensive screening of the candidates before hiring them. The recruitment team must verify all the educational documents and professional work experience certificates.

They must go through an initial orientation to understand the vision, mission, goals, operations manual and quarterly objectives of the business.

They must be trained to handle the project management software and all other tools they will be using. The employees must be made aware of the consequences of breaching or violating classified information. In addition, the salaries and wages must be directly credited into their accounts to stop payroll fraud.   

7. Rotation of Duty

The same people should not be made to do the same work every day. Entrepreneurs in Melbourne must keep rotating their duties so that there are no chances of committing a financial crime or scam. All the workers must record their daily input along with the date and numbered documents so the supervisors can review their work at any moment.

Also, the employees should not handle the cash directly. The transactions should happen electronically, and the bookkeeper or the accountant should handle cash.   


Capital is the most vital part of a business. Thus, every bookkeeper in Melbourne needs to implement internal cash controls to reduce financial risks, deceptions, and scams. Without these controls in place, it can be challenging to stop frauds and losses.              

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